The Role of Intelligence Profiles and Executive Functions (Selective Attention and Switching) in Predicting Creativity Components
Introduction: In recent decades, researchers in the field of creativity, have become interested in recognizing the factors associated with the growth and development of creativity in children. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive, correlational study is to detect the role of intelligence profiles and executive functions (selective attention, switching) in predicting creativity components.
Materials and Methods: The statistical population included kids aged 13-15 years living in Isfahan City, Iran in 2015, and so 150 kids were selected by purposive sampling method. The study data were collected using the Delis–Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) CW simple Stroop test, Gardner’s multiple intelligence questionnaire, and Torrance’s creativity questionnaire, and analyzed by simultaneous multiple regression analysis and the Pearson correlation method in SPSS V. 22.
Results: There were significant positive relationships between intrapersonal intelligence and fluency component, as well as, between logical-mathematical intelligence and flexibility component. The results also showed a significant positive relationship between bodily-kinesthetic intelligence and naturalist intelligence with the originality component. There were positive and significant relationships between logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, and naturalist intelligence with the elaboration component, as well as, between the selective attention and the fluency component.
Conclusion: The characteristics of intelligence and selective attention can predict the components of creativity
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