Association Between Cognitive Function and Mechanical Pattern of Landing

  • Nafiseh Mohammadkhani ORCID Department of Sports Pathology & Corrective Exercises , Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ramin Balouchy ORCID Department of Sports Pathology & Corrective Exercises , Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammadreza Ghasemian ORCID Mail Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Cognitive functions, Attention, Sport injuries

Abstract

Introduction: In examining the factors affecting sports injuries, the emphasis is always on physical variables, while cognitive and psychological characteristics can also be effective. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between sustained attention as a neurocognitive function and landing error as a mechanical factor associated with lower limb injuries.
Materials and Methods: 44 female basketball players aged 18-25 years at the national league level participated in this study. The participants were assessed using the continuous performance test, and their landing-jumping was evaluated by the landing error scoring system in two conditions of high and low cognitive load.
Results: The results showed that people’s landing errors increased significantly as a result of increased cognitive needs (P=0.0001). Also, the findings revealed a positive correlation between omission and commission errors with landing error scores in both low and high cognitive load conditions (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Sustained attention could predict the landing error score that is considered a key risk factor of lower limb injuries. It is recommended that multiple cognitive and physical assessments be used to identify athletes at risk of injury. Hence, cognitive enhancement protocols may be effective along with physical preparation programs. 

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Published
2020-09-14
How to Cite
1.
Mohammadkhani N, Balouchy R, Ghasemian M. Association Between Cognitive Function and Mechanical Pattern of Landing. jmr. 14(3):151-158.
Section
Research Article(s)