The Role of Simulated Patient in Physiotherapy Education: A Review Article

A Systematic Review

  • Mohammad Javaherian ORCID Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Narges Dabbaghipour Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Nastaran Ghotbi Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Amir Ali Khakneshin Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Behrouz Attarbashi Moghadam Mail Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Simulated patient, Simulation, Physical therapy, Physiotherapy, Education, Learning

Abstract

Aim:

Using simulated patients (SPs) in clinical skills education is a common method of providing training to students to hone their skills for future client encounters. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the SP strategy in physical therapy (PT) education.

 

Method: 

PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science databases were searched up to November 2019 with no language restriction. Different keywords related to the topic were selected using MeSh. Any types of quantitative study design which had used simulation-based learning in physical therapy student were eligible for inclusion. Two researchers reviewed studies and appraised them critically.

 

Result: 

A total of 1049 abstracts were retrieved and after reviewing the full-text paper, 11 full-text articles were included. These studies had used simulated patients for various aims including replicate different aspects of knowledge, self-perceived skills real, clinical practice, attitudes, and feasibility. Based on the result of studies, SP as an educational technique, can improve student’s clinical reasoning skills, communication, and motivation in a safe method.

 

Conclusion:

The simulated patient is a useful modality to deliver learning activities in medical education and physical therapy curricula, facilitating feedback on students’ performance with opportunities to interact with realistic patients and environments.

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Published
2020-08-01
How to Cite
1.
Javaherian M, Dabbaghipour N, Khabaz Mafinejad M, Ghotbi N, Khakneshin AA, Attarbashi Moghadam B. The Role of Simulated Patient in Physiotherapy Education: A Review Article. jmr. 14(2):69-80.
Section
Review Article(s)