Research Paper: Effects of 4 Week Postural Corrective Exercise on Correcting Forward Head Posture

  • Zahra Abdollahzade MSc. Student, Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Azade Shadmehr Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Kazem Malmir Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Nastaran Ghotbi Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords: Forward head posture, Corrective exercise, Craniovertebral angle


Introduction: This study aimed to assess the effects of 4-week postural corrective exercise program on forward head posture in college-aged females.
Materials and Methods: This is a randomized controlled study. Twenty-one female students with craniovertebral angle measured less than or equal to 50 degrees were selected and randomly assigned to intervention (n=12) or control (n=9) group. Intervention group performed forward head posture corrective exercises in the form of stretching and strengthening exercises. The craniovertebral angle, active neck flexion range of motion and strength of lower and middle trapezius were measured before and after 4 weeks exercise program.
Results: After four weeks, significant increases were observed in the intervention group regarding the means of craniovertebral angle (P=0.0001), active neck flexion range of motion (P=0.04) and lower trapezius strength (P=0.03), while the mean strength of middle trapezius had not changed significantly (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Four week intervention protocol successfully improved postural alignment related to forward head posture. Thus, corrective exercise program for 4 weeks is effective to decrease forward head posture.


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How to Cite
Abdollahzade Z, Shadmehr A, Malmir K, Ghotbi N. Research Paper: Effects of 4 Week Postural Corrective Exercise on Correcting Forward Head Posture. jmr. 11(2):85-92.
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