Journal of Modern Rehabilitation 2017. 11(3):141-146.

Comparing Time Use Between Mothers of Pre-School and School-Aged Children With Cerebral Palsy
Moein Qeytasi, Parvin Raji, Mahmood Mahmoodian, Ahmad Reza Baghestani


Introduction: The time use of people in the occupation areas is affected by conditions, such as disability, environment, and family changes. One of these disabilities is Cerebral Palsy (CP), which requires long-term care. This study aimed to determine the difference between time use of mothers of school-aged children with CP with mothers of pre-school children with CP.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive/analytical study. A total of 64 mothers of children with CP along with their children, aged 4-12 years, were participated in this study. They were divided into two groups; mothers of pre-school and mothers of school-aged children. In this study, mother’s time use form was used to collect data. Then, the obtained data were analyzed by SPSS-19 conducting the Independent t test and Mann-Whitney tests to compare the two groups.
Results: There was a significant difference between two groups with respect in working days of the week (P=0.009). This study indicated that mothers of the schoolgoer children allocated more time for their children. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to their time use on holidays and weekends.
Conclusion: According to the findings, particular attention must be paid to the quality of life of mothers with school-aged children who have CP.


Cerebral palsy, Mother, School, Time use

Full Text:



Yerxa EJ, Locker SB. Quality of time use by adults with spinal cord injuries. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 1990; 44(4):318-26. doi: 10.5014/ajot.44.4.318

Mohammadpour M, Rassafiani M, Ahmadi Kahjugh M, Behnia F. [Comparing time use in mothers with autistic child and mothers with healthy child (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2014; 10(1):182-92.

Paneth N, Hong T, Korzeniewski S. The descriptive epidemiology of cerebral palsy. Clinics in Perinatology. 2006; 33(2):251-67. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2006.03.011

Sajedi F, Soleiman F, Ahmadi M. [Cerebral palsy in children (Persian)]. Journal of Health and Care. 2013; 15(4):88-97.

Jalili N, Rassafiani M, Dalvand H, Haghgoo HA, Farzi M. [The effectiveness of handling training on stress and quality of life among mothers of children with cerebral palsy aged 4-12 years old (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2013; 9(1):48-58.

Şimşek İE, Erel S, Şimşek TT, Uysal SA, Yakut H, Yakut Y, et al. Factors related to the impact of chronically disabled children on their families. Pediatric Neurology. 2014; 50(3):255-61. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2013.11.012

Ahmadi Kahjugh M, Rassafiani M, Hoseini SA, Sourtiji H. [Comparing the patterns of time use and satisfaction of time management among mothers of children with cerebral palsy and mothers of healthy children (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2012; 8(1):10-7.

McGuire BK, Crowe TK, Law M, VanLeit B. Mothers of children with disabilities: Occupational concerns and solutions. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health. 2004; 24(2):54-63. doi: 10.1177/153944920402400203

Dalvand H, Rassafiani M, Hosseini S, Samadi SA. [Challenges in handling children with cerebral palsy: A qualitative content analysis (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2014; 9(8):1267-90.

Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK. Manual for the beck depression inventory-II. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation; 1996.

Gevir D, Goldstand S, Weintraub N, Parush S. A comparison of time use between mothers of children with and without disabilities. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health. 2006; 26(3):117-27. doi: 10.1177/153944920602600305

Colver A. Study protocol: SPARCLE–a multi-centre European study of the relationship of environment to participation and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy. BMC Public Health. 2006; 6(1):105. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-6-105

Ahmadi Kahjoogh M, Rassafiani M, Tahmasebi A, Ahmadi Kahjoogh H, Sahaf R. The relationship between gross motor function ability and time use in mothers of children with cerebral palsy. British Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2016; 79(3):172–7. doi: 10.1177/0308022615616974

Shojaei M, Jalili N. [Comparing the patterns of time use, leisure time and quality of time management among mothers of children with cerebral palsy and mothers of healthy children At Isfahan City (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2015; 10(6):758-67.

Crowe TK, Florez SI. Time use of mothers with school-age children: A continuing impact of a child’s disability. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2006; 60(2):194-203. doi: 10.5014/ajot.60.2.194


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.