Journal of Modern Rehabilitation 2016. 10(4):155-162.

Effectiveness of Group Training of Mindfulness-Based Techniques on Improvement of Psychological Well-Being of Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury
Reza Abdi, Esmail Kheyrjoo, Somayeh Javidfar, Golnaz Jabari


Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of group training of mindfulness-based techniques on improvement of psychological well-being of patients with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) covered by Tabriz Rehabilitation Organization.
Material and Methods: To this aim, 30 patients with SCI were selected by cluster random sampling out of paralyzed people due to SCI from centers covered by Tabriz Welfare Organization. Then, they were randomly assigned to experimental (n=15) and control group (n=15). The experimental group received 8 sessions of mindfulness training, but the control group received no intervention. Both groups completed psychological well-being scale of Ryff as well as demographic questionnaire before and after the intervention.
Results: Result of covariance analysis showed that mindfulness training affected improvement of self-acceptance (F=31.55, P<0.001), establishment of quality ties to others (F=31.55, P<0.001), a sense of autonomy (F=231.87, P<0.001), ability to manage complex environments (F=121.64, P<0.001), pursuit meaningful goals (F=212.15, P<0.001), continued growth and development as a person (F=747.09, P<0.001), and total score of psychological well-being (F=1212.83, P<0.001) of patients with SCI.
Conclusion: The findings supported the effectiveness of mindfulness training on improvement of psychological well-being of patients with SCI, and such changes may occur due to mediating the role of recognition mechanism.


Psychological well-being, Mindfulness, Spinal cord injury

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